Will Technology Eliminate Human Security Guards?

human-security-guardsOver the past decade or so we have begun to see more technologies that remove the need for human involvement from what have traditionally been human activities.  Earlier this year The Economist wrote an article titled “The Future Of Jobs: The Onrushing Wave“.  The article focused on the role that technological innovation plays in eliminating jobs and on its effect on long-term employment.  Reading the article made me question whether or not technological innovation can replace human security guards.

In a separate study by Dr. Carl Frey of the University of Oxford, Dr. Frey predicted that work automation resulting from the use of robots would put up to 47% of existing US jobs at “high risk”.  The chart below is based on information from The Economist article and outlines jobs that are likely to be replaced.  Telemarketers beware…


Courtesy of Business Insider

Although other researchers disagree with Dr. Fey’s predictions, there are examples everywhere of what an automated and/or robotic future could look like.  As an example Kuka, a robotics firm in Germany, is testing an unmanned TV camera that promises smooth shake free camera panning for live broadcasts.  In a much creepier example, Kokoro of Japan, has introduced humanoid robots that it believes can replace human receptionists in offices.


Kokoro’s robotic receptionist

Although security guards are not on the list above, it won’t be long before we see the first robotic security guards…oh wait that’s already happening.

Human Security Guards vs Robots

If you have been in the security industry for any length of time you know that there are many challenges that both security guard companies and their officers face.  Is it possible that robots could help address issues like lack of training, high turnover, and low wages?  Here are three examples of technologies that could one day replace human security guards.

human-security-guards-bobBob, is the first robotic security guard in the United Kingdom.  Bob patrols the headquarters of G4S (the world’s largest provider of human security guards) in Gloucestershire and is part of a $12.2 million pilot project for the University of Birmingham.  The goal of the university’s project is to place robots in offices all over the globe.

Bob uses an array of cameras and scanners to map the environment that it patrols.  By doing so the robot can plot the location of desks and chairs, as well as detect people moving in the space around it.  By using that map the robot can determine if something has changed in its environment since its last patrol.  In those instances where Bob finds something out of place, it is capable of storing that information on an internal hard drive and alerting a human security guard.  Bob is even capable of interacting with people who it encounters on its patrols which includes saying hello and even asking for help when it gets stuck.

human-security-guards-vigilantThe Vigilant Mobile Camera Platform (MCP) is another example of a mobile robotic security guard.  The Vigilant MCP was developed by Dr. Louise Gunderson and Dr. Jim Gunderson of Gamma 2 Robotics.

According to the company’s website, their robot fulfills three high-level needs that a security guard company would have for such a robot.  Those requirements are affordability,  autonomy, and reliability.

In terms of the robots affordability, the website states that by incorporating off-the-shelf technology, break-even usually occurs in about one year.  They believe that their robot’s autonomy is what differentiates their robot from any other.  Once the robot is installed, they say that it instantly becomes an active and contributing team member.  Lastly, Gamma 2 Robotics also says that the Vigilant MCP is reliable enough to work 10-16 hours per day providing a minimum of 3600 hours of security annually.  Pretty impressive numbers…

human-security-guards-jrLast on our list of possible contenders to replace human security guards is Junior.  Junior is a small robot that is being developed by Roambotics, Inc.  Currently Junior is still in development and geared toward the home security market, but I can see it’s use in commercial applications as well.

Although Junior is not currently available for purchase, I thought it deserved a mention.  If and when Junior is released to the general public, it will come with audio sensors and integrated cameras that will provide 360-degree vision.  Junior will also be able to connect to other devices using blue tooth.

Like Bob,  Junior will be able to learn to adapt to its surroundings using its onboard sensors and by mapping the environment that it functions in.  According to Roambotics CEO and Co-founder Scott Mentor, “…our software uses machine learning to get smarter over time…”


Although I do put value in the predictions of experts like Dr. Frey, I don’t see technology totally replacing human security guards anytime soon.  Even a spokesperson for G4S stated that “Bob is not about replacing our security officers; the security officers are at the point of use.”  But what I do believe is that these technologies will become force multipliers for human security guards.  These technologies will allow security guard companies the ability to do more with fewer human security guards.  So rather than having 3 – 4 security guards working a shift, companies may be able to reduce that number to 1 guard and maybe 1 – 2 robots.  In addition to being great tools for human security guards, using these technologies should also allow security guard companies to reduce turnover, increase wages, and even increase profit margins.

Would you replace your human security guards with robots? Do you see these technologies as a threat or an opportunity for your company?  Please leave your comments below, we would love to hear your opinion.




By Courtney Sparkman


13 thoughts on “Will Technology Eliminate Human Security Guards?

  1. Jim Gunderson

    This is a great summary of the changes on the horizon for the physical security industry. I admit I’m biased, but after 3 years of learning from the experts in the security industry (and a lot of time walking around facilities as the overnight security officer 🙂 we are very aware of the challenges faced by security managers across the country.
    You mention the work done by Dr. Frey at Oxford – buried in the tables at the back of that report security officers are listed as having an 84% likelihood of working alongside security robots. We see the development of “integrated guarding” as the next major shift in the traditional security officer model. This approach of people doing what people are good at, and machines doing what machines are good at doing provides the best of both worlds. Let the robots do the dull, dirty, and dangerous work, while people provide the judgement, insight, and ‘people skills’ so needed in the modern security job.

    1. ORCadmin Post author

      Thanks for your insights Jim! You really come to understand the needs of security officers and security guard companies when you are patrolling on the overnight shift. 🙂

      I totally agree with you that “Integrated Guarding” is the next step in the evolution of guarding. There are a lot of technologies, including yours, that will enable security officers to be more effective in their jobs. But along with these new technologies there will be a need to find security officers with a different skill set than what is common now. I believe that this shift in skill sets will be the beginning of winning back some margins for security companies and increased pay for the officers.

  2. Pingback: Is Integrated Guarding the Future? | whereismyrobot

  3. titan

    Horrible idea. What if. someone needs to be frisked or. if. theres an issue with the programming and something goes wrong or what if someone needs to be detained or pursuied. What if someone takes a hostage, are robots good negotiaters? Who is going to give cpr etc. if someone needs it not every body is good at it but most guards need a certifacate. Cmon america we dont need robots we need our jobs

    1. ORCadmin Post author

      Thanks for commenting Titan, although you made some really great points about the limitations of robots, there are some limitations with human security guards as well. It is just a question of using the right tool for the right situation. But please keep in mind that I am in no way advocating replacing humans with robots, but it is a reality that we have to think about. Thanks again!

    2. Jim Gunderson

      I totally agree that we are not going to be seeing the lost child run up to the robot in the shopping mall and say “I can’t find my mommy!” anytime soon.

      What I think we will see is more of the dull,dirty, and dangerous jobs being assigned to security robots, so the the human security officers can do the things that they do best, handle emergencies, work with people, etc.

      We see robots as augmenting the security force, robots do what people are bad at – hours of mind-numbing focus on nothing happening, patrolling empty building at 03:00, etc.

      1. ORCadmin Post author

        Jim I totally agree with you. Robots will be another tool for security professionals, the same way that CCTV is.

  4. Gradys Ford

    to be honest i find it amusing that how could a robot guard could take place of a human being. If it is so then why don’t we have a robot mechanic , a robot as a housemaid. Robots can never ever be compared to humans. Or you can say that there is a lot to be done on AI (Artificial Intelligence).

    1. ORCadmin Post author

      I think there are some pretty good examples of robots doing things that people used to do, look at manufacturing. Instead of 100’s of assembly line workers in a factory you can now have huge factories full of robots and just a few people for when the robots break down. Robots are a lot better at doing repetitive mundane tasks than humans, like walking a patrol. No AI necessary…

  5. DJ

    Robots only can do what they are told to do and programmed, they do not have judgement skills, ethics and reasoning abilities…and that is decades off. Just like the self driving car, or any other futurist idea, human interaction is still way too complex to duplicate at this point.

    1. ORCadmin Post author

      Thanks for stopping by our blog. Although we agree that robots will never be able to fully replace people, they can definitely fill the roll of a security officer on a multiple officer shift. It’s being done now and it sounds like more people are going the robotic route. IJS.

  6. David West

    You have to think of the robots as part of a fully integrated system. The guards and the robots work in tandem. Of course a robot can’t frisk someone, but he can monitor hundreds of people at the same time. The robot will be an extension of the guard, and greatly enhance their capabilities. A robot equipped with advanced optics and perhaps even FLIR imaging will be able to detect any intruder. It could use Lidar to create fantastically precise maps of a facility and draw attention to any changes in the environment.

    Overall, the numbers of security guards will be reduced, but it may address several key issues in security such as the unbelievably high turn over rates, and provide impartial and unbiased evidence of any incident. This is not pie-in-the-sky technology. It is here, and it is being developed. The early commercial entries like Knightscopes K series are already outdated. It is just a matter of time now, and the security industry is in for a serious shake up. Not only is this technology coming, this industry just keeps on expanding. There is a fortune to be made here.


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